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  • About the Ecosystems along the way
  • Plants and Fungi (Mosses, Ferns, Conifers, Angiosperms and more)
  • Animals (Mammals, Birds, Fish, Invertebrates)


Mammals are a diverse assemblage of animals that are now found all over the earth. They arose first in the fossil record about 200 million years ago but didn’t become abundant until after the age of the dinosaurs around 65 million years ago.

Mammals are distinguished by their hair, milk-making ability and warm-blooded nature. Because mammals have many layers of hair they are, compared to reptiles and amphibians, more abundant in the northern habitats such as Canada and Alaska, than in Tropical regions to the south.

Along the Western edge of Canada, Vancouver and Alaska there are approximately 63 mammals that reside terrestrially somewhere in the region of our trip. Obviously it will be impossible to see all the species, but for those that we find, we’ll document them on video and still image.

Carnivores (order Carnivora)

Dogs (family Canidae)

Coyote Canis latrans

            Wolf Canis lupus

            Red Fox Vulpes vulpes

Cats (family Felidae)

Mountain Lion Felis concolor

Lynx Lynx lynx

Weasels and their Allies (family Mustelidae)

            Sea Otter Enhydra lutes

            Wolverine Gulo gulo

            River Otter Lontra Canadensis

            American Marten Martes Americana

            Fisher Martes pennanti

            Ermine/Stoat Mustela erminea

            Least Weasel Mustela nivalis

            American Mink Mustela vison

Raccoons (family Procyonidae)

Raccoon Procyon lotor

Bears (family Ursidae)

Black Bear Ursus americanus

Grizzly/Brown Bear Ursus arctos

Rodents (Order Rodentia)

Beavers (family Castoridae)

American Beaver Castor Canadensis

Meadow Jumping Mouse Zapus hudonius

Western Jumping Mouse Zapus princeps

New World Porcupines (family Erethizontidae)

American Porcupine Erethizon dorsatum


Rats, Mice, and Voles (family Muridae)

Gapper's Red-Backed Vole Clethrionomys gapperi

Northern Red-Backed Vole Clethrionomys rutilus

Brown Lemming Lemmus sibiricus

Bushy-Tailed Wood Rat Neotoma cinerea

Muskrat Ondatra zibethicus

Deer Mouse Peromyscus maniculatus

Heather Vole Phenacomys intermedius

Northern Bog Lemming Synaptomys borealis

Long-Tailed Vole Microtus longicaudus

Singing Vole Microtus miurus

Tundra Vole Microtus oeconomus

Meadow Vole Microtus pennsylvanicus

Townsend's Vole Microtus townsendii

House Mouse Mus musculus

Norway Rat Rattus norvegicus

Squirrels (family Sciuridae)

Least Chipmunk Eutamias minimus

Northern Flying Squirrel Glaucomys sabrinus

Hoary Marmot Marmota caligata

Woodchuck Marmota monax

Vancouver Island Marmot Marmota vancouverensis

Arctic Ground Squirrel Spermophilus parryii

American Red Squirrel Tamiasciurus hudsonicus

Cloven-Hooved Mammals
Order Artiodactyla

Antelopes, Cattles, Sheep, and Goats (family Bovidae)

Mountain Goat Oreamnos americanus

Dall's Sheep Ovis dalli

Deer (family Cervidae)

Moose Alces alces

Wapiti or American Elk Cervus elaphus

Mule Deer Odocoileus hemionus

Caribou or Reindeer Rangifer tarandus

Bats Order Chiroptera

Smooth-faced Bats (family Vespertilionidae)

Silver-Haired Bat Lasionycteris noctivagans

Hoary Bat Lasiurus cinereus

California Bat Myotis californicus

Long-Eared Bat Myotis evotis

Keen's Bat Myotis keenii

Little Brown Bat Myotis lucifugus

Long-Legged Bat Myotis volans

Yuma Bat Myotis yumanensis

Insectivores Order Insectivora

Shrews (family Soricidae)

Pigmy Shrew Microsorex hoyi

Masked Shrew Sorex cinereus

American Water Shrew Sorex palustris

Vagrant Shrew Sorex vagrans

Pikas, Hares, and Rabbits
Order Lagomorpha

Rabbits and Hares (family Leporidae)

Snowshoe Hare Lepus americanus\

Pikas (family Ochotonidae)

American Pika Ochotona princeps


Bears, dogs, cats, raccons, weasels


Cloven-hooved mammals; goats, sheeps, deer


Beavers, mice, porcupines, voles


Shrews, moles


Rabbits and Hares







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